Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, a routine cleaning will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, a special periodontal cleaning called non-surgical periodontal therapy will be recommended. It is usually performed one to two quadrants at a time with the area is numb. During this procedure, plaque, calculus (tartar) and toxins are removed from above and below the gumline thus removing the source of the active periodontal infection. This will help gum tissues heal and pockets to shrink. Medicated mouth rinse and an electric toothbrush may be recommended to help control the infection and aid in healing. If healing is not adequate after the initial periodontal therapy, you may be referred to a specialist for further evaluation.